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Port of Rotterdam in Russia 

From 19 October, representatives from the Port of Rotterdam Authority, several other Dutch companies, the Municipality of Rotterdam and the Dutch government, will visit Russia. The trade mission is being led by the Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte.

Background facts and figures
Russia’s share within Rotterdam’s total throughput in 2010 was 14% or 59.8 million tonnes (1). In volume, Russia is Rotterdam’s 2nd biggest partner (2). As EU destination for Russian exports. The Netherlands (Rotterdam) ranks 2nd, after Germany. Its share was 13% or 14.3 billion euro in 2009 (3). The three main products are crude oil and oil products, both transported mainly via the Port of Primorsk, and containers transported via St. Petersburg.

Most of the freight heads westward and consists of liquid bulk: 32.2 million tonnes of crude oil and 20 million tonnes of oil products, mainly fuel oil and gas oil (diesel). Russia is the main oil supplier to the Netherlands. More information

In Rotterdam, the Russian market share in crude oil is 30% and in products it is 25%. Other major freight flows are chemicals (approx. 950,000 tonnes), iron and steel (400,000 tonnes), non-ferrous metals (860,000 tonnes) and coal (450,000 tonnes).

Containers
The trade to Russia consists almost totally of general freight: 2.3 million tonnes, mainly consumer goods in containers. From Russia, 2.6 million tonnes is exported in containers and as break bulk. The number of containers transported in 2010 corresponds to 446,000 TEU, 57% up on the previous year. Container freight concerns both transhipment from Asia, and intra-European freight ('shortsea'), concentrating on the Port of St. Petersburg, and soon Ust-Luga. To date a large number of containers for/from Russia is still transported via Finland (224,000 TEU, +36% v. 2009).

Spearheads
The Rotterdam spearheads with regard to Russia are break bulk (paper and wood products, steel and iron), containers and energy (oil, gas, coal, biomass). The oil sector in Russia will be mainly informed about the possibilities for tank storage, ship to ship transfers (dolphins and buoys in Caland Canal) and pipeline transport to the hinterland (4). The Dutch, on the other hand, are interested in the possibilities of the future energy port developments, especially in Primorsk and Yamal/Murmansk.

Companies
The Russian oil companies Lukoil and Rosneft have major interests in refineries in Flushing and Gelsenkirchen, both of which are supplied with crude oil via Rotterdam. Lukoil also participates in a tank storage joint venture, STR, which is currently tripling its tank capacity in the Botlek area.

(1) Includes Russian crude oil and oil products exported via Poland and the Baltic Republics.
(2) One is the United Kingdom (63.9 mt) and Russia is followed by Brazil (31.6 mt), China (22.3 mt) and the United States (20.2 mt).
(3) Figures concerning trade volume: Eurostat 2009. Figures concerning quantity of goods: Dutch Statistical Bureau CBS 2010
(4) See also “Oil of Russia Magazine”