For the time being, energy from fossil energy sources will be essential to an affordable and reliable energy supply. The aim in the port of Rotterdam is to use fossil energy sources as sustainably as possible. The gas and coal-fired power stations in Rotterdam have an extremely high efficiency and are equipped with the latest technology. Projects are also being developed for the capture and storage of CO2 and the use of residual heat. This makes the power stations in Rotterdam cleaner than those elsewhere.
Modern coal-fired power stations with high efficiency
There are three coal-fired power stations in the port of Rotterdam which provide a significant contribution to the energy supply. These coal-fired power stations are among the cleanest and most efficient in the world. The new power stations of Uniper(formerly E.ON Benelux) and Engie (formerly GDF Suez) are capable of co-firing biomass, have an extremely high efficiency of 46 per cent and are prepared for the capture and storage of CO2. The E.ON MPP1&2 power station also has a high efficiency of 39 per cent and has modern scrubbing systems for particulate matter, SO2 and NOx, so that this power station also satisfies the strict European environmental regulations.
Efficient supply of coal and biomass
The unique location on the Maasvlakte ensures the supply of coal and biomass and sufficient cooling water, while residual materials and residual heat can be reused by the industries in Rotterdam. Conversely, industrial residual materials are also used as secondary fuel in the power stations.
Rotterdam Storage and Capture Demonstration Project (ROAD)
The Rotterdam Storage and Capture Demonstration Project (ROAD) is an initiative of Uniper and Engie. The companies’ intention with this project is to capture approximately 1.1 million tonnes CO2 per year from the new power stations on the Maasvlakte and store it in depleted gas reservoirs beneath the North Sea. ROAD is one of the first projects worldwide which intends realising the entire chain of CO2 capture, transport and storage on a large scale. The project is also funded by the Dutch central government and the European Commission.
Gas-fired power stations in the port of Rotterdam
The gas-fired power stations in the port of Rotterdam are also highly efficient. The state-of-the-art EnecoGen power station has an efficiency of 59 per cent. The efficiency of the Rijnmond Energie and Maasstroom Energie power stations is approximately 51 to 52 per cent. This puts them among the most efficient power stations in the world. The gas for the gas-fired power stations can come by pipeline from the European continent or in liquid form by ship. The Gate terminal on the Maasvlakte is the import terminal for LNG (liquefied natural gas) for Northwest Europe. The liquefied natural gas is re-gasified at Gate, after which it is transported by pipeline to the users in the port or to the European gas network.
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