WPCAP ports take new series of climate change actions
'A force for good, paving the way for building sustainable port operations'. Allard Castelein, CEO of the Port of Rotterdam Authority, used a concise description to capture progress made by the World Ports Climate Action Program (WPCAP) at the virtual CEO conference on 2 February. Castelein hosted the session in which delegates of five working groups presented deliverables and a series of new actions for 2021.
In September 2018, WPCAP was launched at a global climate conference in San Francisco. Ports that have joined the action-oriented network form an impressive global spread, namely: Antwerp, Barcelona, Gothenburg, Hamburg, HAROPA port of Le Havre, Long Beach, Los Angeles, New York/New Jersey, Rotterdam, Valencia, Vancouver, and Yokohama.
WPCAP focuses on clear actions to combat climate change. Port coalitions work on specific projects, involving as much as possible shipping lines, terminals and energy providers in order to maximise impact.
'What binds us is a common belief that we have a role to play in fuelling the energy transition', according to Castelein. 'In the past ten months we have managed to keep the supply chain up and running. We can be proud of that. But let’s make no mistake. Behind the Covid wave, there is a bigger wave coming: global warming. We want to play an active role in addressing that situation. Not waiting for regulation but take control over our own destiny. Our network of leading international ports has gained critical mass to realise change successfully.'
At the conference, the working groups presented a series of new actions. The first agreement was made on the topic of enhanced energy efficiency. The group noted work being undertaken by the IMO Global Industry Alliance to support Low Carbon Shipping (GIA) and subject matter experts of ports, terminals and shipping. This work is about identifying nine measures that ports could take to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from shipping. These measures will first be discussed with interest groups and advocacy organisations from both ports and shipping sector by the end of February during an IMO GIA meeting.
CEO’s agreed that each port would at least implement one measure this year, ranging from speed and dead weight optimisation to facilitating main engine repairs and hull cleaning during cargo operations. CEO’s embraced this way forward with a call to action to go for a measure with most impact.
Power-to-ship has the clear potential to enhance air quality and reducing emissions in the port. In ports, ships can switch off their own power generation and make use of, preferably, green energy infrastructure supplied by port and terminal organisations. The working group assessed the financial benefits if ports would work much more together in power-to-ship coalitions. Substantial cost reductions are possible if technology is used at a large scale and the pace of implementation is increased in a coordinated manner. Hamburg, Antwerp, Le Havre and Rotterdam will take this work to the next level, meaning working together on investment plans and jointly approach ship owners as power-to-ship means adjustments both in ports and on ships.
Port of Hamburg CEO Jens Meier was pleased with this result: 'Working together pays off. We have learned so much from Los Angeles over the years making the first steps with power-to-ship in Hamburg. That is the power of this port network.' Related to power-to-ship, a new tool was shown that is already published on the IAPH website. Using google earth you can visit 68 ports around the world that have introduced power-to-ship installations. The tool gives information on infrastructure, configuration, usage, connecting time, emission reductions and policy instrument – and in doing so is a key tool for sharing information around the world.
Collaboration in Rotterdam
Since last year October, Rotterdam has already an ambitious power-to-ship strategy for seagoing vessels in place. The city of Rotterdam and the Port Authority have jointly developed a plan to have a large number of seagoing vessels ‘plugged-in’ by 2030 when berthed. Over the next five years, a series of projects will be initiated to accelerate and scale-up up shore power.
The policy working group stressed that policy instruments remain an important tool to stimulate emission reductions in the maritime industry, using for instance incentives, pricing policies and regulations - taking in mind guiding principles of competition law. The WPCAP CEO’s made it clear that there are various ways to achieve results on this topic.
Robin Silvester, president and CEO of the Vancouver Fraser Port Authority, encouraged the workgroup to consider how they can align port incentive programs around common themes of criteria focused on CO2 reduction. 'With over 60 ship incentive programs offered by ports worldwide, I am keen to see how we can streamline and simplify access to incentives so ship owners can realize the full potential benefits available across all ports within their trade route.'
Gene Seroka, Executive Director of the Port of Los Angeles, supports a coordinated approach. 'There are a host of options to consider with respect to incentives. It’s well worth our time to share best practices and see if a common approach makes sense.' The working group will report back on this direction later this year.
On the topic of accelerating and growing the use of sustainable marine fuels for deep-sea/ocean-going vessels, agreement was made to continue the direction of working together with all customers of the ports. CEO’s committed also to intensify the need for alternative fuels in their own engagements with for instance shipping lines. Finally, the database that has been put together on cargo handling equipment for the overall way forward to realise climate neutral ports will continue to be used in engagement with especially terminal operators.
The gathering of some 70 representatives of the twelve port was pleased with progress and agreements made. Castelein: 'This gives new energy. The outcome is a proof point that we remain action-oriented and as a network of ports very relevant. In identifying pathways for the future we have made new steps; hence we continue to make a difference.'
The next WPCAP CEO conference is planned for October this year.