The Netherlands and Germany enhance their hydrogen import partnership with Australia
The broad coalition working to increase hydrogen imports from Australia via the port of Rotterdam has been given a further boost. During the German minister for Research and Education’s visit to the port of Rotterdam on 13 February, the Port of Rotterdam Authority and Germany’s Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems (ISE) confirmed their intention for further partnership. The Dutch and Australian ministers for Climate and Energy had already signed a partnership agreement in this area earlier this year.
Members of this tripartite partnership are now taking the next step in developing a joint hydrogen hub in Western Australia, known as TrHyHub. A key objective is to develop a new and modern port industrial complex for large-scale hydrogen production for both local use and export. Around twenty companies from the three countries have indicated their intention to take part.
Connecting hydrogen hubs
Government, industry and the German knowledge institute are now committed to combining their technology, knowledge and expertise to develop the Australian hydrogen hub and supply chain to the German hinterland. For instance, as part of the new port they will be exploring the possibility for the joint construction of an offshore export terminal to enable a faster start to hydrogen exports to northwest Europe. Rotterdam’s partnership initiative with the Australian port is in line with its ambition to become a hydrogen hub for northwest Europe.
Exchanging knowledge, technology and expertise
The Dutch and Australian governments have stated their ambition to cooperate in the following four areas. Fraunhofer and the Port Authority share that ambition and are committed to implementing this.
- Hydrogen trade policy, standards and certification;
- Port infrastructure and the development of supply chains;
- Innovative hydrogen technology, including but not limited to transport by vessel;
- Government policy for safety, training, regulations and social support for hydrogen.
The Port of Rotterdam and Fraunhofer are the first to join forces in the Oakajee project, which enables imports from Western Australia.
Opportunities for economy and energy
Both the Netherlands and Germany aim to enhance the sustainability of their energy supplies and their independence from Russia. Both countries want to accelerate the replacement of coal and oil imports, currently transported via the port of Rotterdam to large sections of Germany, with green hydrogen.
The Oakajee Strategic Industrial Area (SIA) has the potential to become one of Australia’s or even the world’s largest hydrogen-producing areas, due to its optimal wind and solar power generation conditions. This partnership to develop the hydrogen hub offers economic opportunities as well as possibilities to accelerate sustainability for the three countries involved. Industry and transport sectors can use green hydrogen to reduce their carbon emissions, which is why parties from the three countries have already reached various agreements for further cooperation. The current agreements stem from the joint feasibility study on the opportunities and conditions for importing hydrogen from Australia; the HySupply study.