De industrie gaat stap voor stap naar CO₂-neutraal
For years, port businesses have been preparing and successfully investing in a future-proof, clean port. And it’s paying off.
Innovations are being tested in practice, new technologies are being implemented, and existing companies are starting to collaborate with new ones. We too are already taking measures to minimise emissions in the short term. The following ongoing projects show that the Port of Rotterdam is working full steam ahead towards the energy transition.
PILLAR 1: EFFICIENCY & INFRASTRUCTURE
Industry can evolve into a carbon neutral economy step-by-step. Pillar 1 is for existing industry to take all kinds of efficiency measures, residual heat will be used to heat homes, company buildings and greenhouses, and CO2 will be captured and stored beneath the North Sea. These developments will require a lot of additional infrastructure in the coming years including pipelines and cables.
16,000 households receive heat from Pernis
16,000 Rotterdam households are being heated using residual heat from a refinery in Pernis. This is a Shell, Port of Rotterdam Authority and Warmtebedrijf Rotterdam initiative.
CO2 storage under the North Sea (Porthos)
The capture of the greenhouse gas CO2 for subsequent reuse or storage underground is one of the measures that the energy-intensive industry can take to considerably reduce CO2 emissions in the short term. This is called Carbon Capture Storage or CCS. The Fourth Rutte cabinet coalition agreement and the Dutch Climate Agreement underline the importance of CCS in realising national climate objectives.
Heat network: heating houses and greenhouses with heat from industry
The Netherlands will be supplying heat in a different way in the future. Currently a lot of natural gas is used in homes and horticultural greenhouses. At the same time, industry in the Port of Rotterdam creates a lot of heat for industry processes. Part of this is reused in other factories, but most of the heat disappears into the air. The port of Rotterdam and Gasunie are working together to reuse this residual heat as a replacement for natural gas in households and greenhouses. CO2 emissions will also be reduced, and less gas will be needed from Groningen.
A new heating system
Start of construction of heat pipeline between the port of Rotterdam and The Hague
Gasunie and the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy have taken the final investment decision for the construction of a heat pipeline from the port of Rotterdam to The Hague.
Offshore grid Hollandse Kust (zuid) Alpha and Beta ready for use
Hollandse Kust (zuid) Alpha and Beta, TenneT’s high voltage connections for offshore wind farms Hollandse Kust (zuid) I and II are ready for use.
Pipelines between the Netherlands and Germany
The Port of Rotterdam Authority and cross sector industry partners are supporting the development of the Delta Corridor project, comprising of a bundle of four pipelines between the Rotterdam port, Chemelot and the German Rhineland region. This project will provide access to clean hydrogen and carbon capture and storage (CCS) capacity being realized and in addition will result in a shift in pipeline transport capacity for propylene and LPG.
Read more about the industry support for Delta Corridor project
PILLAR 2: A NEW ENERGY SYSTEM
Pillar 2 involves changing the energy system. Instead of using oil and gas for heating, industry will switch to electricity, hydrogen and green hydrogen. This demands a lot of and affordable electricity from sources such as sun and wind.
Wind turbines in the port area
The largest concentration of wind turbines in South Holland is in the Rotterdam port area: around 200 MW capacity at the start of 2019. This is some 10 per cent of the total wind power capacity in the Netherlands. In the short term, at least 150 MW of new wind power will be added. Existing turbines are regularly replaced with new, higher capacity turbines. In March 2019, for example, 17 turbines on Slufterdijk were replaced with 14 larger turbines with a capacity that is almost double.
North Sea Wind Power Hub
Within the North Sea Wind Power Hub consortium, TenneT (The Netherlands and Germany), Energinet (Denmark), Gasunie and the Port of Rotterdam Authority are working on the development of a large-scale, sustainable European energy system on the North Sea. Wind farms will be connected to centrally located hubs at sea, and North Sea countries and hubs will be connected via cables or pipelines.
Hydrogen pipeline through port of Rotterdam
HyTransPort is a new hydrogen pipeline through the port of Rotterdam and is a joint venture between the Port of Rotterdam Authority and HyNetwork Services. This hydrogen pipeline will soon form the backbone of the hydrogen infrastructure in Rotterdam. In the future, the pipeline will connect to the national and international hydrogen network. This will provide a connection to Chemelot in Limburg, North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany and other European regions.
Green hydrogen for BP refinery
BP, Nouryon (formerly AkzoNobel Specialty Chemicals) and the Port of Rotterdam Authority are investigating the possibilities of producing green hydrogen for the BP refinery in Rotterdam. Green hydrogen is produced by electrolysis of water using green power. Large-scale production of green hydrogen requires huge amounts of green electricity, for example from offshore wind farms. This also demands substantial electrolyser capacity. That’s why the Port of Rotterdam Authority is also investigating the required hydrogen infrastructure, as well as the option for a special industrial site for electrolysers.
Green hydrogen plant Uniper
Energy company Uniper and the Port of Rotterdam Authority have entered into an agreement for developing the production of green hydrogen at the Uniper location on Maasvlakte. These plans build on the findings of a recent feasibility study and are in line with the new hydrogen infrastructure that has been planned and the growing demand for sustainable hydrogen from the Rotterdam petrochemical industry.
Read more about the hydrogen plant in the press release
Importing blue ammonia
Horisont Energi (EURONEXT: HRGI) and the Port of Rotterdam today announced that they have signed a memorandum of understanding regarding setting up a corridor for transport of blue ammonia from Norway to Rotterdam.
Read the full press release
Port of Rotterdam Authority’s contribution to the energy transition
The Port Authority is also contributing to an energy efficient port. A third of patrol vessels runs 100% on biofuel. We are also stimulating employees to travel by public transport or bicycle. For lease car drivers, a CO2 standard of 59 g/km applies. The office uses heat from the port and green electricity. And throughout the port, the Port Authority is replacing the public lighting with LED.
The Port of Rotterdam Authority accelerates the reduction of its own carbon emissions
Shell to start building Europe's biggest green hydrogen plant
Europe's largest green hydrogen plant will be built on Maasvlakte 2. Shell has taken the final investment decision for this. The futuristic plant will be named Holland Hydrogen I and is expected to be operational in 2025.
Study for commercial-scale hydrogen imports
Port of Rotterdam Authority, Koole Terminals, Chiyoda Corporation and Mitsubishi Corporation have signed an agreement to a joint study the feasibility of a commercial-scale import of hydrogen from overseas sources to one of Koole’s terminals in the port of Rotterdam utilizing Chiyoda’s proven hydrogen storage and transportation technology SPERAHydrogen™.
Read the full press release
Electrification of industrial processes
The Fieldlab is an initiative by 5 founding partners to support the energy transition in Rotterdam Industrial harbour area in a practical way. Our Goal is to accelerate the development and implementation of electrified value chains in the Rotterdam-Moerdijk industrial cluster making use of innovative technologies, unique knowledge, and support and technical facilities to implement market-ready solutions.
Visit the website of FLIE
Production of green hydrogen at SIF in 2023
Next year a trial will start at the Sif factory on the Maasvlakte, in which green hydrogen is produced from wind power. The monopile producer is working on this together with Pondera, KCI the engineers and GE Renewable Energy.
Hydrogen projects in Rotterdam
Take a look at the interactive map with current hydrogen projects in the port of Rotterdam.
Several Rotterdam terminals to be ready for hydrogen imports by 2025
In the Port of Rotterdam, the first companies are busily preparing for the storage, processing and transit of hydrogen: a promising energy carrier that will allow companies to make the transition to climate neutrality.
PILLAR 3: A NEW MATERIALS & FUEL SYSTEM
This pillar involves the replacement of fossil fuels. This can be done through the use of biomass, recycled materials, green hydrogen and CO2.
Full recycling of contaminated building materials
The Rotterdam-based company REKO has a thermal cleaning plant that can process 1.2 million tonnes of residues annually. Asphalt is subject to thermal cleaning at the plant in a rotating drum oven at temperatures of 1,000 degrees Celsius. This produces clean sand, gravel and filler that can be reused. The plant also generates electricity for no fewer than 50,000 households. With this new plant, REKO will have the world’s largest capacity for recycling these types of contaminated building materials.
Recycling batteries from electric vehicles
TES, one of the world's largest battery and electronic waste recycling companies, is building a plant in the port of Rotterdam to recycle electric vehicle batteries. The company rents premises on Elbeweg and has the opportunity to expand here to a total of approximately 40,000 m2. This will be the Netherlands’ first recycling plant for lithium-ion batteries. The number of electric vehicles is set to increase exponentially in the coming years and the demand for raw materials to make batteries will rise accordingly. TES aspires to turn this location in the port of Rotterdam into a state-of-the-art European location with – ultimately – a capacity of 25,000 tonnes. The first phase of the project will be operational by the end of 2022, and the plant will be capable of processing 10,000 tonnes of batteries. Cobalt, nickel and lithium are subsequently recovered as raw materials for making new batteries.
Read the full press release
Sustainable aviation fuel and renewable diesel
Royal Dutch Shell plc (Shell) announced a final investment decision to build an 820,000-tonnes-a-year biofuels facility at the Shell Energy and Chemicals Park Rotterdam, the Netherlands, formerly known as the Pernis refinery.
Neste invests € 1,9 billion in renewable products refinery
Neste Corporation has made the final investment decision to invest into new renewable products production capacity in Rotterdam. The decision is based on demand for renewable products growing substantially with customers' higher climate ambitions.
The Finnish company UPM has selected Rotterdam as the desired location for constructing a new bio-refinery. UPM wants to increase its production capacity and has recently been exploring two possible sites where it can achieve this ambition. UPM is now focusing fully on Rotterdam to develop its plans.
Xycle starts construction of its first plastic recycling plant
Xycle is about to commence construction of a plant in the port of Rotterdam that will convert 20,000 tons of non-mechanically recyclable plastic into high-quality sustainable raw material annually. For this purpose, the Rotterdam Port Authority has leased a site at Rijndwarsweg in Europoort to Xycle.
Gidara Energy will convert non-recyclable waste into advanced biofuels
GIDARA Energy and the Port of Rotterdam are pleased to announce GIDARA’s next advanced biofuels facility in the Netherlands: Advanced Methanol Rotterdam (AMR). Located in the port of Rotterdam, the plant will convert non-recyclable waste into advanced methanol.
PILLAR 4: MAKING LOGISTICS CHAINS MORE SUSTAINABLE
As well as industry, the transport of freight to, in and from the port area must become climate friendly. Together with partners, the Port of Rotterdam Authority is developing a series of activities to help the logistics sector reduce CO2 emissions in pillar 4.
Inland shipping on batteries
Zero Emission Services (ZES) - co-founded by the Port Authority in 2020 to stimulate, among other things, electric waterborne transport - has received a €50m investment from the National Growth Fund for the accelerated implementation of their innovative system solution for inland navigation.
Watch the video
Emission-free inland shipping
Electric sailing is an option to reduce CO2 emissions in inland shipping. With seven partners, the Port Authority is one of the initiators of the Green Circles programme, which aims to introduce interchangeable battery containers. Heineken will be the first user on the Amsterdam-Rotterdam-Antwerp corridor. Various other parties are also working on hydrogen demonstration projects. The Port Authority is supporting all these initiatives, including with discounts on inland port dues.
Shore power trials for sea-going vessels
Sea-going vessels that arrive in Rotterdam need power at the quay for the power supply on board. Diesel generators are currently usually used for this. The huge consumption of sea-going vessels makes the connection to a power grid more complex than for inland shipping. The Port of Rotterdam Authority considers it important that shore power is available for sea-going vessels, as this improves air quality. That is why a test location is being established. The Port Authority is working on this in partnership with the Municipality of Rotterdam. Companies Heerema, Eneco and the Port Authority have also started a feasibility study into green shore power in Calandkanaal.
Digitisation leads to lower energy consumption
In Rotterdam, digitisation is used to further improve the efficiency and reliability of the logistics chain. In practice this results in lower transaction costs in booking cargo, and also to lower energy consumption through shorter sailing routes and accelerated handling of cargo.
Read more about digitalisation in the port of Rotterdam
Green shore electric facility for Boskalis ships in Waalhaven
The Port of Rotterdam Authority and Eneco are going to install shore-based power facilities in the Waalhaven, so that Boskalis work boats moored there can run on green power instead of fossil fuels.
Air Liquide and Port of Rotterdam Authority: hydrogen road transport
Air Liquide and the Port of Rotterdam Authority announce the launch of a jointly created initiative, which aims at enabling 1,000 hydrogen-powered zero-emission trucks on the roads connecting the Netherlands, Belgium, and West Germany by 2025. Several partners representing the whole supply chain, from truck manufacturers such as VDL Groep, Iveco/Nikola to transport companies Vos Logistics, Jongeneel Transport and HN Post, as well as leading fuel cell suppliers have already agreed to join.
This is one of the largest projects in Europe for the development of hydrogen trucks and related infrastructure and will contribute to improve air quality by reducing by an estimated amount of more than 100,000 tonnes CO2 emissions per year, which is equivalent to 110 million kilometers driven.
MAGPIE, smart green ports of the future
MAGPIE has the ambition to force a breakthrough in the supply and use of green energy carriers in transport to, from and within ports. We will create energy efficiencies and support developments that make green energy carriers available to the users. By demonstrating and implementing smart solutions in the realm of digitalization and automation, we will facilitate and contribute to the decarbonization of port related transport.